Metals/Materials Articles

The metals/materials technology area has information on the most commonly used materials in metal fabrication ̶ carbon steels; stainless steels; high-strength, low-alloy steels (HSLAs); and the 6000 series aluminum ̶ and those that aren't as common, such as the red metals, refractory metals, titanium, and magnesium.

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WorldAutoSteel Guidelines for AHSS shed light on lightweighting

March 25, 2015

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Advanced high-strength steels are made differently in the steel mill, and they need to be processed differently in part manufacturing. WorldAutoSteel released forming and welding guidelines intended to help the users of these products work through the differences.

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Stainless Steel Workshop: Weldability of ferritic stainless steels

March 23, 2015

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Q: What filler wires are best-suited for welding ferritic stainless steel? A: Automotive exhaust systemand component manufacturers such as ArvinMeritor, Benteler, Faurecia, and Delphi have welded ferritic stainless steel for years. Their choice of filler metal, either a 409 or a 439, provided a...

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Stainless Steel Workshop: Stainless steel production certification

March 23, 2015

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There continues to be confusion in the marketplace about the conformance standard fr the various classifications of stainless steel products. The American Welding Society establishes guidelines to which manufacturers must conform depending on the specification. However, within the specification,...

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Stainless Steel Workshop: Ferritic stainless steels

March 20, 2015

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Q: What are the advantages of ferritic stainless steels? A: When a fabrication requires corrosion resistance and high performance, your foremost concern is its affordability. One metal that can meet this demand is ferritic stainless steel. Grades include AISI type 409, 11CfCb, 430, 436, 439, and...

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Stainless Steel Workshop: Controlling Corrosion

March 20, 2015

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Q: How do I control corrosion in stainless steel? A: Corrosion in stainless steel is one of the most troublesome technical concerns for fabricators. Whether localized or widespread, corrosion takes many forms, depending on the particular service environment. Some common types are general...

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Metallurgy Matters: From one extreme to the other

March 19, 2015

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In terms of temperatures, the heat-affected zone (HAZ) has it all—from near liquidus to near ambient and everything in between—a fact that makes the HAZ a tricky piece of real estate to understand the predict. Why? Remember, a number of metallurgical changes can take place in hot metal, and...

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Metallurgy Matters: Unlike oil and water, gas and metal can really mix it up

March 17, 2015

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Gas-metal reactions take place every time you weld. They happen quickly, especially at temperatures above 3,000 degrees F, and can cause serious problems. Of course, not all gas-metal reactions are bad; some are designed in, while others simply take place with no ill effects. But some prove quite...

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Metallurgy Matters: Solidification—It’s more than meets the eye

March 16, 2015

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There’s a lot going on as your weld puddle solidifies. Grains are trying to grow in a variety of directions, and the entire process can get quite competitive, because some grains grow faster and block the growth of others. Which grains grow faster depends on their orientation at the point where...

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Metallurgy Matters: The tricky subject of weldability

March 9, 2015

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Welding metallurgy is a science, but it’s far from perfect. I mention this here because my January/February column elicited a number of critical, if not scathing, e-mails concerning everything from a typo in Figure 3 to my generalizing the precise and exacting science of metallurgy. The...

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Metallurgy Matters: Welding’s effect on strengthened steel

March 9, 2015

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As I mentioned in the September/October issue, welding can severely influence strengthened or hardened metals, depending on the hardening technique used. Hardening Techniques and Welding Effects Work- or strain-hardened metals exposed to the intense localized head of welding tend to recrystallize...

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Metallurgy Matters: The science of welding metallurgy

March 9, 2015

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It’s time to narrow our focus and look at the science of welding metallurgy, a branch of metallurgy that addresses the behavior of a metal during welding and, just as important, the effects of welding on a metal’s properties. Think about what happens when you weld together two pieces of...

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More than a metal warehouse—Behind the scenes at Pacesetter Steel

October 29, 2014

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Metal service centers are a vital part of the fabricating world, and their fortunes are closely aligned with their customers’. Here’s a look at how one center fared during the Great Recession and where it’s headed with its young CEO at the helm.

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Fabricating the future, layer by layer

October 20, 2014

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Additive manufacturing is changing fundamental concepts of design, engineering, and production. As part of this, metal additive processes, including powder bed fusion and directed energy deposition, are allowing industry to fabricate metal products in entirely new ways.

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crimped wire

The basics of crimped wire

January 30, 2014

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Precrimped woven wire mesh is a smaller part of the metal fabrication world, but it does have a significant presence in some industrial applications. This overview explains just how the mesh is created and gives metal fabricators an idea of the basic crimp styles that are available.

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Die materials and wear in stamping AHSS, Part III - TheFabricator.com

Die materials and wear in stamping AHSS, Part III

December 12, 2013

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Editor’s Note: This article is Part III of a three-part series that reviews the die materials and die coatings used in forming AHSS. Part I, which appeared in the January/February issue, discussed the relationship between process conditions and tool failure mechanisms. Part II appeared in...

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