The metals/materials technology area has information on the most commonly used materials in metal fabrication ̶ carbon steels; stainless steels; high-strength, low-alloy steels (HSLAs); and the 6000 series aluminum ̶ and those that aren't as common, such as the red metals, refractory metals, titanium, and magnesium.
August 4, 2015
The industrial marker is so pervasive that it’s often taken for granted. But it’s really a tool just like any other on the shop floor, and one marker doesn’t work for every application.
June 23, 2015
Press-hardening high-strength steel is an important component in automotive construction to provide crash-worthiness. Several coating options are available today for use on stamped, press-hardened steel parts. However, none of these options are without limitations or challenges, such as cracking, coating transfer, fumes, weldability problems, and the need for shotblasting. A new coating technique has been developed and shows promise. The coating is a very thin (2- to 3-μm-thick), paint-like, rather than metallic, coating. It consists of a siloxane resin acting as the binder with aluminum flake to act as the sacrificial filler, so it meets the requirements to be inorganic and to contain a sacrificial oxidized material.
May 7, 2015
The microstructure of advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) can be tailored to produce specific properties that are engineered for each application. This is why usage of AHSS grades is growing in the automotive industry, and dual-phase (DP) steels are leading the way.
April 24, 2015
Weld metal strength: It’s a subject that’s often discussed, and just as often misunderstood. To fully consider how strong weld metal will be or how you can strengthen it, you have to think about not only the preweld decisions that influence weld strength, but also the postweld reactions and...
April 6, 2015
Before we get into nonferrous gas-metal reactions, let’s look at one of the ways you can identify potential cold-cracking problems in steel. In the May/June 2004 issue, we looked at cold cracking—also known as hydrogen cracking, delayed cracking, and under-bead cracking—as it relates to...
April 6, 2015
For years fabricators have questioned the need for properly storing opened containers of electrodes in a controlled environment. The cost of holding ovens, as well as the discipline required to use them, has had fabricators second-guessing the benefits of such a practice. Regardless of the type of...
April 1, 2015
The use of high-strength work materials has dramatically increased the performance requirements on the stamping and forming tools. The selection of the proper tool steel grade at each transfer die station plays a large role in optimizing productivity. The tooling’s performance may be enhanced further with the addition of a coating.
March 25, 2015
Advanced high-strength steels are made differently in the steel mill, and they need to be processed differently in part manufacturing. WorldAutoSteel released forming and welding guidelines intended to help the users of these products work through the differences.
March 23, 2015
Q: What filler wires are best-suited for welding ferritic stainless steel? A: Automotive exhaust systemand component manufacturers such as ArvinMeritor, Benteler, Faurecia, and Delphi have welded ferritic stainless steel for years. Their choice of filler metal, either a 409 or a 439, provided a...
March 23, 2015
There continues to be confusion in the marketplace about the conformance standard fr the various classifications of stainless steel products. The American Welding Society establishes guidelines to which manufacturers must conform depending on the specification. However, within the specification,...
March 20, 2015
Q: What are the advantages of ferritic stainless steels? A: When a fabrication requires corrosion resistance and high performance, your foremost concern is its affordability. One metal that can meet this demand is ferritic stainless steel. Grades include AISI type 409, 11CfCb, 430, 436, 439, and...
March 20, 2015
Q: How do I control corrosion in stainless steel? A: Corrosion in stainless steel is one of the most troublesome technical concerns for fabricators. Whether localized or widespread, corrosion takes many forms, depending on the particular service environment. Some common types are general...
March 19, 2015
In terms of temperatures, the heat-affected zone (HAZ) has it all—from near liquidus to near ambient and everything in between—a fact that makes the HAZ a tricky piece of real estate to understand the predict. Why? Remember, a number of metallurgical changes can take place in hot metal, and...