Arc Welding Articles

The arc welding technology area focuses on the most commonly used arc welding processes, mainly GMAW/MIG, GTAW/TIG, SMAW/stick, and plasma. The articles and press releases cover processes and power sources, plus all of the related items—electrodes and wire, wire feeders, fixtures, manipulators, positioners, and power sources. If you need information on personal protective gear, ventilation systems, and safety practices for welders, see our Safety coverage area.

Filter Content

Arc Welding 101: Certified to weld?

October 20, 2014

By:

Q: What does it mean to be an AWS-certified welder? Joe C. A: Certification can open doors, present opportunities, and put you out front in a tough job market. However, not all welders are AWS-certified. My younger brother Joe, a service manager for an import car dealership on the West Coast,...

Continue Reading

Part-time job brings full-time satisfaction

October 17, 2014

By:

After a career in welding and fabricating, Charlie Wolfe is semi-retired and working 25 hours a week at the local community college. However, his network of friends is vast and his reputation as a go-to guy for one-off projects and repairs is sterling, so he’s actually busier now then he was back when he worked 40 hours a week

Continue Reading

Weld shop 101

October 13, 2014

By:

According to the American Welding Society (AWS), there will be a shortage of approximately 290,000 welders in the U.S. by 2020. Education doesn’t fall on the shoulders of just high schools, community colleges, and technical programs, it also rests with industry professionals who have the space, equipment, and the expertise on staff to demonstrate the best practices. Arming educators with this information will only help make the next generation of welders that much stronger. For those of you who are in areas where getting hands-on training for industry leaders isn’t possible, here are a few questions educators tend to ask.

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Negatives to whipping and weaving

October 9, 2014

By:

Q: When using GMAW on carbon steel materials 1/8 inch thick or greater, we use a whipping technique that you have described as a bad work habit. What are the negative effects of whipping or weaving?John S. A: As with many welding techniques, there is a time and place for everything, even whipping...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Sorting out SAW

October 8, 2014

By:

Q: What is the procedure qualification test for manufacturing pipe using submerged arc welding?Sandesh P. A: Pipe is manufactured by one of these four methods: electric resistance welding (ERW)/high-frequency induction (HFI) welding, seamless (plug/mandrel mill and extrusion), spiral welding, and...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Satisfying the weld inspector

October 7, 2014

By:

Q: We have a stiffener bar (continuity connection) in a column that calls for AWS D1.1 BTC-P4 for the flanges and fillet welds on both sides in the web. The stiffeners were field-welded. After assembling 35 connections, we discovered no fillet weld on the bottom side in the web. We can’t weld the...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: What's up with a WPS?

October 6, 2014

By:

Q: Do I need a welding procedure specification (WPS) for my company when it is just me and all I do is on-site portable welding of a wide range of items?Steven B. A: Whether your company requires a WPS depends on the customers you serve. For example, if your company is hired to fabricate your...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Vertical-up or -down in robotic welding?

October 3, 2014

By:

Q: We have a weldment that incorporates 0.375-in.-diameter steel rods and a 0.060-in.-thick sheet metal stamping of 1018 CR material. Each weld is the same, 0.75 in. long with a 0.25-in. fillet, perhaps including weaving. The assembly is fixture and welded robotically using GMAW with CO2 gas and...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Clearing up ASME B31.3

October 2, 2014

By:

Q: I am unclear about a section relative to the ASME B31.3 code for chemical plant piping.The area of this code referring to the type of welding process that is acceptable—328.2.2—states welding procedures qualified by others may be used, provided that the following conditions are met: The...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Tackling trim in pulsed MIG welding

October 1, 2014

By:

Q: We use the pulsed-spray-transfer GMAW process in our shop. When setting weld voltage, we can adjust the trim between 0.5 and 1.5. What do those numbers mean, and how do they relate to weld voltage?Corey G. A: Pulsed-spray-transfer welding equipment has challenged the conventional wisdom we’ve...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Which welds need visual inspection?

September 30, 2014

By:

Q: We work on off-road and lifting equipment, and our welders are qualified per AWS D1.1. Which welds are required to be inspected visually and by whom?Ed Z. A: When you asked which welds are required to be inspected visually, I had to snicker. There was a time in my life when one side of my hard...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Addressing linear porosity

September 29, 2014

By:

Q: We are experiencing linear porosity at the furthest point of penetration when welding heavy plate. The porosity is 0.3 mm dia., but it occurs regularly in every weld we’ve sectioned so far.We are using a semiautomatic spray transfer process with a 0.045-in. ER70S-6 electrode, and a shielding...

Continue Reading

Arc Welding 101: Three keys to a successful CWI

September 26, 2014

By:

Q: I was recently interviewed by a writer who was researching how welders make the transition to certified welding inspectors (CWI). One of the questions he asked was, “What key skills make for the best certified welding inspector?” A: Communication—written, photographed, or verbal—is the...

Continue Reading

Selecting filler metals for stainless steel welding

September 23, 2014

By: , ,

Q: We're a midsize job shop that manufactures a wide variety of products from various types of metal. Currently we have a project that requires welding 304L to 316L stainless steel and welding both of these alloys to A572 Grade 50 steel. Some of the welds are structural and some are used in...

Continue Reading

Globular-transfer mode for MIG

September 23, 2014

By:

Q: I am employed as an AWS D.1.1-qualified welder at a machine shop. I was wondering why you can certify on 75 percent argon/25 percent CO2 when you are not allowed to use a short-circuit transfer on materials over 3/16 in. You need at least 83 percent argon to obtain a spray transfer, yet I passed...

Continue Reading