Arc Welding Articles

The arc welding technology area focuses on the most commonly used arc welding processes, mainly GMAW/MIG, GTAW/TIG, SMAW/stick, and plasma. The articles and press releases cover processes and power sources, plus all of the related items—electrodes and wire, wire feeders, fixtures, manipulators, positioners, and power sources. If you need information on personal protective gear, ventilation systems, and safety practices for welders, see our Safety coverage area.

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Fabricator delivers a big fish story

August 28, 2014

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Lou Rodriquez finds out he has a talent for creating metal art and ends up with a fish tale that is easy to believe because people can see the result: a huge metal sturgeon that’s the talk of Port Huron, Mich.

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Arc Welding 101: Reading between the lines of AWS D1.1

August 27, 2014

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Q: I am a weld inspector and one of my clients builds control panels. A potential customer of theirs requested that they conform to AWS D1.1 standards on a control panel. This seems odd to me. Can a company become AWS D1.1-certified? Is there a certain process they have to go through to become a...

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Consumables Corner: Choosing a filler metal supplier with critical welds in mind

August 25, 2014

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Q: What should we look for when choosing a filler metal supplier for critical welds, such as those in the power generation industry? A: For critical applications, you need to find a supplier with a long track record in understanding the needs, developing products, and creating solutions for that...

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TIG welding: When looks matter

August 18, 2014

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Every GTAW bead tells a story. Learn how to identify what your weld bead says and make adjustments to amperage, travel speed, and consumables to ensure your GTAW bead tells the story you want it to.

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Success breeds success as hardbanding service provider evolves into equipment vendor

July 21, 2014

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When Dave Milo set out to build a portable hardbanding unit, the former trucking company owner knew little about welding and nothing about hardbanding. After updating the hardbanding unit design a few times with consulting help from Lincoln Electric, Milo thinks he’s ready to change direction. Rather than providing hardbanding services, his goal is to sell hardbanding machines.

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Consumables Corner: Examining weld cracking, Part I—Hot cracking

July 15, 2014

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Editor’s Note: This is the first article of a two-part series. Q: I work in a midsized job shop, and we weld with the FCAW, GMAW, and SMAW processes. Occasionally we encounter weld cracking issues. What causes weld cracking, and what can I do to prevent it? A: To ensure that the measures you...

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Hope dies last

July 9, 2014

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A hard-nosed welding instructor at a medium-security prison in rural North Carolina gives his students discipline, confidence, a foot in the door to a trade, and the possibility for a new life upon release.

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Consumables Corner: Selecting the correct diameter for flux-cored wire

July 9, 2014

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I work in a large manufacturing fabrication shop where we weld subassemblies and then fit and weld them together to complete the machines we manufacture. Currently we use gas-shielded, flux-cored wires from 0.045 to 0.09375 in. in diameter. At what point is a small-diameter wire too inefficient,...

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Consumables Corner: Combating overheating in work clamps

July 8, 2014

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Q: I weld in a large pressure vessel shop and use many welding processes, including SMAW, GMAW, FCAW, and SAW. Regardless of the process, our work clamps always get very hot. We’ve even had some arcing from the ground clamp. We have welded several grounds to the workpiece to remedy this problem,...

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Consumables Corner: Combating dull weld appearance with metal-cored stainless steel wire

July 7, 2014

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Q: We fabricate 401 stainless steel components and have considered using metal-cored stainless steel consumables. One of the issues with metal-cored consumables is the dull appearance of the weld compared to the appearance achieved with a solid wire. What can we do to maintain a clean or shiny...

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Consumables for high-amperage welding

July 7, 2014

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High-amperage welding, whether in semiautomatic or robotic applications, pust a great amount of stress on welding consumables. By following a few tips, however, a welder can extend the life of these components.

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Consumables Corner: Nixing porosity during weld start

July 3, 2014

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Q: I work for a job shop that fabricates and welds process piping for various applications. The pipes, made from A106-88a carbon steel and 304 and 316 stainless steel, are welded using GMAW, FCAW, and GTAW. We have been experiencing porosity, primarily on the weld starts. Our shielding gas is a...

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Consumables Corner: Welding heat treatable steels

July 2, 2014

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Q: Our shop won a contract that requires welding 4130 steel. I’ve been told this is a heat-treatable steel. Can you tell me which different welding procedures have to be used to weld this material? A: The most commonly welded heat-treatable steels are 4130, 4340, and 8630. However, any steel...

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Consumables Corner: Welding weathering-grade material with a nickel-containing filler

June 27, 2014

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Q: I work for a structural steel fabricator and we are getting ready to start work on a bridge job that specifies A588 material. We have worked on this material in the past using a weathering-grade filler metal. Our engineer has recommended we use a 1 percent nickel electrode. Is this right? A:...

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Consumables Corner: Issues with incomplete fusion

June 27, 2014

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Q: Recently our shop started using metal-cored wire. On one side we perform full-penetration welds to D1.1 structural code on 3/4- to 1-1/2-in.-thick plate. On the second side we carbon-arc-gouge to clean the metal and then we do a magnetic particle inspection before welding. We encounter two...

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