Consumables Articles

The devil is in the details, especially when it comes to welding processes. This technology area has information on consumables, including cutting tips, electrodes and wire, spatter prevention compounds, temporary purge dams, and welding torch components.

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Consumables Corner: Selecting filler metals for stainless steel welding

September 23, 2014

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Q: We're a midsize job shop that manufactures a wide variety of products from various types of metal. Currently we have a project that requires welding 304L to 316L stainless steel and welding both of these alloys to A572 Grade 50 steel. Some of the welds are structural and some are used in...

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Choosing the right aluminum filler alloy

September 22, 2014

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How do you know which aluminum filler alloy to use? With several varieties out there, it’s important to be familiar with the type of application and the type of results you are looking for. Those and other considerations will lead you to choosing the right alloy.

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Metal-cored wires: Your questions answered

September 8, 2014

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When does switching to metal-cored wires make sense? Answers to the most commonly asked questions about this consumable can help you decide if it’s right for your operation.

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Consumables Corner: Advancements in SAW

August 29, 2014

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Q: What role does flux and wire play in submerged arc welding? A: It is important to choose the right flux and wire combination for submerged arc welding (SAW) processes. This will allow you to gain efficiency while meeting your performance requirements. Basic submerged arc welding uses a single...

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Consumables Corner: Eliminating porosity on galvanized steel

August 28, 2014

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Q: Our company manufactures storage rack systems made from mild steel and galvanized tubing. A majority of our parts are fixture-welded on a robot using 0.045-in.-diameter ER70S-6 wire with 90 percent argon/10 percent CO2 shielding gas. We have experienced problems with weld appearance quality and...

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Consumables Corner: Changing over to metal-cored wire in SAW

August 27, 2014

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Q: One of my vendors recently approached me about replacing the solid wire in my submerged arc welding (SAW) application with a metal-cored wire. Should I consider making the change? A: Depending on your application, you should certainly consider making the change. Metal-cored wires can provide...

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Consumables Corner: Lowering weld hardness in SAW

August 26, 2014

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Q: We manufacturer dual submerged arc welded (DSAW) pipe for API use. Some jobs require that the weld hardness be below 250 Vickers. We are having trouble meeting that requirement. What can we do? A: Weld hardness restrictions generally are found in pipelines designated for sour service and are...

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Consumables Corner: Choosing a filler metal supplier with critical welds in mind

August 25, 2014

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Q: What should we look for when choosing a filler metal supplier for critical welds, such as those in the power generation industry? A: For critical applications, you need to find a supplier with a long track record in understanding the needs, developing products, and creating solutions for that...

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Consumables Corner: Selecting filler metal for robotic welding

August 22, 2014

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Q: We are just getting started in robotic welding. What advice can you give us on how to select the correct filler metal? A: As in any high-productivity application, the main consideration in selecting a filler metal for robotic welding is performance consistency. You want a wire that will...

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Consumables Corner: Storing stick electrodes

August 21, 2014

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Q: I recently saw a comment that regular stick electrodes could be overdried in ovens to the point of causing poor weld performance. Is this true? We store all our electrodes, including low-hydrogen, at 135 to 140 degrees F at all times and have not noticed any problems. We are located in Arizona,...

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Consumables Corner: Examining weld cracking, Part II—Stress, hydrogen cracking

July 16, 2014

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Editor’s Note: This is the second column in a two-part series. Q: I work in a midsized job shop, and we weld with the FCAW, GMAW, and SMAW processes. Occasionally we encounter weld cracking issues. What causes weld cracking, and what can I do to prevent it? A: Stress cracking is similar to hot...

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Consumables Corner: Examining weld cracking, Part I—Hot cracking

July 15, 2014

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Editor’s Note: This is the first article of a two-part series. Q: I work in a midsized job shop, and we weld with the FCAW, GMAW, and SMAW processes. Occasionally we encounter weld cracking issues. What causes weld cracking, and what can I do to prevent it? A: To ensure that the measures you...

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Consumables Corner: Selecting the correct diameter for flux-cored wire

July 9, 2014

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I work in a large manufacturing fabrication shop where we weld subassemblies and then fit and weld them together to complete the machines we manufacture. Currently we use gas-shielded, flux-cored wires from 0.045 to 0.09375 in. in diameter. At what point is a small-diameter wire too inefficient,...

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Consumables Corner: Combating overheating in work clamps

July 8, 2014

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Q: I weld in a large pressure vessel shop and use many welding processes, including SMAW, GMAW, FCAW, and SAW. Regardless of the process, our work clamps always get very hot. We’ve even had some arcing from the ground clamp. We have welded several grounds to the workpiece to remedy this problem,...

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Consumables Corner: Combating dull weld appearance with metal-cored stainless steel wire

July 7, 2014

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Q: We fabricate 401 stainless steel components and have considered using metal-cored stainless steel consumables. One of the issues with metal-cored consumables is the dull appearance of the weld compared to the appearance achieved with a solid wire. What can we do to maintain a clean or shiny...

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