Metals/Materials Articles

The metals/materials technology area has information on the most commonly used materials in metal fabrication ̶ carbon steels; stainless steels; high-strength, low-alloy steels (HSLAs); and the 6000 series aluminum ̶ and those that aren't as common, such as the red metals, refractory metals, titanium, and magnesium.

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Aluminum truck bed

What is abrasion-resistant material?

July 21, 2011

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Creating welding procedures for abrasive-resistant (AR) materials can be difficult because many of them do not conform to ASTM,ASME, or SAE standards for chemical or mechanical properties. However, these materials can be welded successfully.

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Copper alloys medical equipment

Antimicrobial copper displaces stainless steel, germs for medical applications

June 20, 2011

Stainless steel is favored for many uses because it doesn’t rust and it’s easy to clean. However, for medical environments, copper is making inroads. Copper has been shown to kill six varieties of bacteria, and the EPA has registered more than 350 alloys to have antimicrobial properties.

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Welder metallurgy

Basic metallurgy for welders

April 6, 2011

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Welders do not have to be metallurgy experts, but they do need to be knowledgeable about the chemical, mechanical, and physical properties of different materials.

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Update: Hot-stamping boron-alloyed steels for automotive parts

March 10, 2011

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CPF has conducted experiments using finite element simulation of the hot stamping process. The process can help manufacturers predict such final part properties as thickness, temperature, and hardness distribution.

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Understanding steelmaking for better forming ... - TheFabricator

Understanding steelmaking for better forming ...

June 30, 2010

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Challenges faced by stampers in the quest to produce a robust part are magnified when they form high strength steels. As materials increase in strength, the inherent tensile property variability increases. Using products from the family of grades known as the advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) complicate matters even more, since what is supplied from one mill may not be produced in the same way as that from another mill. Understanding how steel is made sets the stage for a more profitable relationship between the steel supplier and the steel consumer. The certified steel properties that come with the coil are useful, but more information about the sheet metal increases the likelihood of success.

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Low carbon steel expansion joint

Just plain carbon steel — What is it?

March 9, 2010

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Is there any such material as plain carbon steel? Is so, what is it, what's its chemical composition, and which applications are best-suited for its use?

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scratching test

Continuing the look at die materials and wear in stamping AHSS

March 9, 2010

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Stampers use tests to evaluate tool materials and coatings for wear issues. The main tests are scratching tests, twist compression test, strip-reduction tests, and forming tests.

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tool failure mechanisms

Die materials and wear in stamping AHSS

January 9, 2010

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Stampers use tests to evaluate tool materials and coatings for wear issues. The main tests are scratching tests, twist compression test, strip-reduction tests, and forming tests.

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standard pilger die

Using laser shock peening to increase pilger die life

December 1, 2009

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During pilgering, the dies endure extreme amounts of stress. Shot peening is a conventional, economic process for hardening the tooling, but its benefits are limited. Supplementing shot peening with laser shock peening where the stress is highest can help to extend the service life of the tools.

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Is cast iron just cast iron?

April 28, 2009

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Cast iron comes in many different types with different properties. Not all can be welded, cut, or machined in the same way, and some types are better suited for specific applications than others. This article discusses the most common types and how to use them.

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6 Questions about stamping aluminum

November 25, 2008

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Aluminum's unique metallurgical properties make it suitable for multiple applications. Aluminum has very high corrosion resistance, Aluminum's specific weight is 2.7 kilogram/dm3 compared to 7.8 kg/dm3 for steel and 8.8 kg/dm3 for copper, and is thermally and electrically conductive.

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C-Pillar die faces deep drawing

Improve HSS part quality before die tryout

April 15, 2008

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The use of high-strength steels (HSS) and aluminum in automotive and other stamping manufacturing is creating forming challenges for tool and die engineers. Forming simulation software, formerly used to predict conventional failure causes, now also enables the stamping tool and die engineer to simulate secondary operations, including springback to avoid expensive and time-consuming die tryouts.

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Nanofiber technology

The nanofiber factor

March 11, 2008

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Nanofibers--fibers 1,000-times smaller than the diameter of a human hair--can help to improve filtration efficiency, filter cleanability, filter life, and energy consumption when the cartridge filters are used properly.

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Sheet metal image

Stamping 101: Material guidelines

January 15, 2008

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Each metals has its own blend of physical, chemical, and surface properties and characteristics. Knowing about the major work metals (not tool steels), their properties, grades, and characteristics helps to achieve the best results in stamping and forming best results.

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Cold spraying

Protecting magnesium alloys from corrosion

November 6, 2007

Finding cost-effective solutions for protecting magnesium alloys from corrosion has become paramount in automotive design. Corrosion protection through cold spray might be the answer.

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