Arc Welding Articles

The arc welding technology area focuses on the most commonly used arc welding processes, mainly GMAW/MIG, GTAW/TIG, SMAW/stick, and plasma. The articles and press releases cover processes and power sources, plus all of the related items—electrodes and wire, wire feeders, fixtures, manipulators, positioners, and power sources. If you need information on personal protective gear, ventilation systems, and safety practices for welders, see our Safety coverage area.

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No secret code for successful code welding

June 16, 2014

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Being a code welding shop with an ever-expanding customer base continuously challenges Andy J. Eagan Co. Inc., Grand Rapids, Mich. New customer projects and keeping on top of certification demands require a talented and dedicated workforce. As a result, that’s where the company puts a lot of its focus.

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Consumables Corner: The thought process behind changing a weld process

June 13, 2014

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Q: Our company is using 0.045-in.-dia. mild steel solid wire for GMAW with 90 percent argon/10 percent CO2 shielding gas. A majority of our base metal is ¼ to 1 in. thick welded out of position about 30 percent of the time. We are considering a change in our welding process to reduce lead-times....

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Consumables Corner: Tackling root penetration problems

June 12, 2014

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Q: We are experiencing weld root penetration issues in our single- and multipass welds. Our base metal is A36, and we oxyfuel-cut it in thicknesses from ½ to 3 in. Most of the weld joints are standard T-joints with a few groove joints. We are using a 0.045-in.- dia. E71T-1C/M flux-cored wire with...

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Consumables Corner: Examining the root cause of distortion

June 11, 2014

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Q: We manufacture hydraulic cylinders. Ever since we changed our shielding gas blend, we’ve noticed a higher level of distortion. Before the change we used a 95/5 blend, but now we use 92/8, which we have documented using a 0.045-in.-dia. filler metal. Would the 92/8 blend run hotter and cause...

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Arc Welding 101: When to use updated AWS D1.1

June 2, 2014

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Q: I currently use the AWS D1.1-2006 edition and was wondering if I should get the 2010 edition. Dan C. A: Take a look at Section 4.2.1 of your D1.1-06 edition, referred to as “Clause” in later editions. It states, “The use of earlier editions shall be prohibited for new...

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Inverter helps manufacturer achieve improved arc starts, arc control

June 2, 2014

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The welders at JATCO Environmental Inc., a manufacturer of steam-to-liquids condensers for natural gas extraction, had a problem with striking and maintaining a good arc. When the company switched from a rectifier-based unit to an inverter-based unit, the welders found that the arc starts and weld characteristics were greatly improved.

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Arc Welding 101: Oscillation during welding - Why?

May 30, 2014

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Q: What are the reasons to oscillate a weld process? Vince H. A: Oscillation helps a steelworker using electroslag to fabricate components for San Francisco’s Bank of America building; it helped to minimize the arm fatigue of a pipefitter as he built Louisiana’s River Bend nuclear power...

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Courage over fear

May 26, 2014

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After trying her hand at various traditionally female-oriented careers, an Alabama woman, on a mission to provide the best life for herself and her newborn son, found courage to ask a shipyard for a job. That courage ultimately sparked a chain of events that led her to a fulfilling career.

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The art of welding and friendship

May 19, 2014

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Ten years ago, three women enrolled in an art and sculpture welding class. Little did they know it would be the start of a beautiful friendship.

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Arc Welding 101: Welder requalification testing - When and why?

May 13, 2014

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Q: If a welder is no longer welding but he wants to maintain his qualifications period of effectiveness, we require four hours of production welding time to maintain that qualification. Four hours doesn’t seem quite long enough to stay in the groove. What say you? Jeff P. A: As a good...

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Arc Welding 101: Updating WPSs and PQRs

May 12, 2014

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Q: We weld sheet metal to D1.3 requirements. Our current welding procedure specification needs to be updated. Our customers are asking for a separate WPS/ PQR [procedure qualification record] for fillet and groove welds. Until now I believe we had both fillets and grooves covered by one WPS/PQR....

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Arc Welding 101: CV or CC - What’s the difference?

May 9, 2014

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Q: What is the difference between constant current and constant voltage? A: I’m often called on to explain this topic when I teach. Electric arc welding has two main variables: current and voltage. Welding machines will supply both, but they are capable of consistently maintaining only one of...

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Arc Welding 101: Benefits of the CWI designation

May 7, 2014

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Q: I am trying to decide whether obtaining CWI designation would be beneficial to my career. I am presently unemployed and would like to increase my marketability to potential employers. I have a B.S. degree in metallurgical engineering plus over 20 years experience as a materials engineer in the...

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Arc Welding 101: D1.1 welder documentation

May 6, 2014

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Q: We have had guys certified for D1.1 for 15 years. But in the D1.1 book it says that they need to weld in every six-month period to keep their qualification current. What type of documentation do we need to keep on file to show that they have been welding? I cannot find this in the book, so I...

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Arc Welding 101: Minimizing defects from welding starts, stops

May 5, 2014

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Q: I am having trouble making welds that are all the same length when using GMAW. How can I create tie-ins that are all in line with each other and spaced out as they should be? Allen T. A: It is understood throughout the industry that most weld defects are attributed to weld stops and...

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