Arc Welding

The arc welding technology area focuses on the most commonly used arc welding processes, mainly GMAW/MIG, GTAW/TIG, SMAW/stick, and plasma. The articles and press releases cover processes and power sources, plus all of the related items—electrodes and wire, wire feeders, fixtures, manipulators, positioners, and power sources. If you need information on personal protective gear, ventilation systems, and safety practices for welders, see our Safety coverage area.

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How do you get those weaved welds?

June 26, 2014

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Here’s a topic that I get asked about more than any other: “How do you get those weaved welds?” These days I rarely (occasionally, but not often) encounter the need to weave, but it’s fun, it looks rad, and it’s nice to stay sharp. DISCLAIMER: I'm not a boilermaker, and I'm not a...

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Consumables Corner: Figuring out FCAW Charpy V-notch failure

June 26, 2014

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Q: We performed an AWS D1.1 procedure qualification test using gas-shielded FCAW. We used a 0.052-in. E71T-9C electrode with 100 percent CO2 shielding at 200 amps and 26 V on 1-in. thick plate. We used a preheat and interpass temperature of 70 degrees F. Our pass layer sequence was three full...

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Consumables Corner: Simple steps to avoid cracking

June 25, 2014

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Q: When welding a thick section of a forged 4130 ring to a thinner A36 plate in a T-joint configuration, we experience longitudinal cracking issues that originate from the ends of the welds. The required fillet size is ½ inch. It is skip-welded 12 in. on 18-in. center-to-center spacing. The...

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Variation of hot-wire GTAW combines two arcs into one

June 24, 2014

TIGer technology from Polysoude is a variant of hot-wire GTAW. The basic principle involves the juxtaposition of two GTAW arcs, organized and controlled to combine into one single arc with the calorific value of the combination of both powers, but with characteristics that are unusual for such...

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Consumables Corner: Before choosing filler, know your 4140

June 24, 2014

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Q: We need to weld 4140 steel to AR 360 plate and are thinking of using an E120 electrode to try and match the strength. Is this the right electrode for our welding application? A: Before you choose a filler metal, there are a few things you should consider for this application. First, 4140...

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Consumables Corner: Pinning down the cause of porosity in SAW

June 23, 2014

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Q: Our company produces large structures fabricated from mild steel plate with a small amount of HSLA forgings ranging from 0.5 in. to 4 in. thick. Our main process is submerged arc welding (SAW) using a mild steel electrode and a neutral-bonded flux. We have been experiencing some issues with...

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Consumables Corner: Reducing weld cleanup in pulsed GMAW

June 20, 2014

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Q: Our company manufactures the main structures used to build fitness equipment. These structures are mild steel tubing of various shapes and sizes and in relatively thin material, typically 10 to 16 gauge. We are using 90 percent argon/10 percent CO2 shielding gas with a 0.035-in.-dia. ER70S-3...

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FAB 40: Merrill Fabricators’ welding school fuels local talent base

June 19, 2014

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Merrill Fabricators takes an innovative approach to the skilled labor crisis, by launching and growing its own welding school not only to fill its own ranks, but also to help grow the broader manufacturing community.

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Consumables Corner: Eliminating porosity in submerged-arc welding

June 19, 2014

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Q: Our shop manufactures bridge and structural steel components. Most of the material is A36 or A572 and welded with E70X-X class electrodes using FCAW with 75 percent Ar/25 percent CO2 shielding gas (bottle-supplied) and SAW. We're having issues with porosity in our SAW process. We find that once...

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Consumables Corner: Longitudinal cracking: A check list for prevention

June 18, 2014

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Q: We are welding several fabricated parts made from A514 (T1) steel using an AWS A5.29, 3/32-in-dia. E110 FCAW electrode. On one particular part we are experiencing longitudinal weld cracking. The structure is a 4-in. plate with a square cut out of the center and a 1.5-in. plate welded back in its...

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Welding outfit tote allows easy access for regulator pressure adjustment

June 17, 2014

Uniweld offers the 511 Cart welding outfit tote. Designed to allow easy access for regulator pressure adjustment, it is equipped with a center-balanced handle for carrying. The tote includes a dedicated hose winder and large storage compartment for accessories on the front. Storage slots hold...

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Consumables Corner: Addressing cracking on free-machining steels

June 17, 2014

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Q: We are a small company that fabricates and welds various parts and products for numerous companies. One of our customers is supplying us with parts for a particular weldment. All of the individual parts are made from A36 steel except for one, which is made from 12L14 steel. We are using GMAW...

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Consumables Corner: Identifying pockmarking causes in structural SAW

June 16, 2014

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Q: Our company manufactures various structural components, typically made from A36 or A572 steel grades in plate, I-beam, or channel. Based on the application we’ll use GMAW, FCAW, or SAW. On random occasions we experience pockmarking on the surface of the SAW joints. While the timing is usually...

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No secret code for successful code welding

June 16, 2014

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Being a code welding shop with an ever-expanding customer base continuously challenges Andy J. Eagan Co. Inc., Grand Rapids, Mich. New customer projects and keeping on top of certification demands require a talented and dedicated workforce. As a result, that’s where the company puts a lot of its focus.

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Consumables Corner: The thought process behind changing a weld process

June 13, 2014

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Q: Our company is using 0.045-in.-dia. mild steel solid wire for GMAW with 90 percent argon/10 percent CO2 shielding gas. A majority of our base metal is ¼ to 1 in. thick welded out of position about 30 percent of the time. We are considering a change in our welding process to reduce lead-times....

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