Fabricator/sculptor derives third dimension from 2-D drawings
June 8, 2012
Artist and fabricator Philip Dees, who holds a bachelor’s degree in art and a master’s degree in fine art, has worked in metal fabrication and roll forming for nearly 30 years while pursuing a career as an artist. In addition to his drawings, paintings, and sculptures, Dees sees other opportunities for artistic expression, such as refurbishing an old house.
Whether he’s creating a piece of artwork, refurbishing his century-old house, or working up some other project, Philip Dees usually starts with a sketch. While some artists start with an idea in mind and pursue it more or less directly, Dees doesn’t. He sees sketching as a loosely defined way to explore an idea or a concept, which can lead to more sketches as he lets the idea change and evolve into dozens, if not hundreds, of possibilities. And while his first love is in two dimensions, he enjoys the challenge of turning 2-D concepts into 3-D sculptures.
The first big step in his career as an artist was earning a Bachelor of Arts degree from Southern Illinois University (Carbondale, Ill., Dees’ hometown), where he focused solely on drawing and painting. His second big step was getting a job to pay the bills. Luckily, Dees landed a job assembling flatbed trailers at Transcraft Corp., a job that expanded his skill set to include welding and fabrication, and taught him the intricacies of working in three dimensions (see Figure 1).
Meanwhile Dees explored sculpture with metals in his spare time. He didn’t have a studio, but got by fabricating on his parents’ patio. Two years later he embarked on a third big step: pursuing a Master of Fine Arts degree from Indiana State University with a major emphasis on sculpture and a minor in painting. He still works as a fabricator to pay the bills; still works for a trailer manufacturer (these days his employer is Great Dane, in Terre Haute, where Dees lives); and he still works from drawings, but completing an MFA has taken his work up a couple of notches.
Dees sees the act of sketching as a starting point, an evolving idea that has the essentials—line, shape, form, and color. Every sketch leads to a series of questions. Will this sketch lead to another? And another? Will it lead to a finished drawing? Will it become a scaled model? Will it be one of the few that becomes a life-sized sculpture? Will the finished piece hold greater meaning than the first kernel of a sketch?
Many of Dees’ sculptures reveal his love of industrial processes—cutting, measuring, clamping, drilling, welding, hammering, grinding, polishing, sanding, and painting. And even though many fabricating processes come easy after decades of experience, Dees is aware that many of the proc-esses require blood, sweat, and tears.
“It’s like pedaling a bicycle up a steep hill,” he said. “It’s difficult, and it can be grueling, but the thrill comes in seeing a job that turned out well, or going full-speed down the other side of the hill.”
A favorite series of Dees is called “Flight of Fancy” (see Figure 2).
“The inspiration for the ‘Flight of Fancy’ series is a recurring dream I have,” Dees said. “I believe many people have dreams of being able to fly.
Dees thinks that the weightless, effortless sensation shows up in many waking moments—riding his motorcycle on a twisting, turning road through hilly terrain and, closer to home, losing himself in his work in the studio.
“When I’m nearing the completion of a new drawing or sculpture and it sings, I get a similar feeling,” he said.
One of Dees’ latest projects is refurbishing his home, which was built in 1907. He refers to the process of refurbishing the home as “House as Art,” which he has broken down into small projects such as Fence Project as Art.
“I like the idea of approaching other projects with the same creativity as I approach my art,” Dees said. “I don’t believe that creativity is something to be turned on when entering the studio and turned off when leaving the studio. I’m approaching the rebuilding of our house as one big sculpture project.”
After tearing off the front siding, insulating the exterior wall, and reinforcing it with plywood, Dees clad it in metal to match the newly added metal roof.
Meanwhile, an entirely new fence and gate have dressed up the yard substantially.
Dees has found that some portions of the House as Art project require two attempts. His original satellite dish tower, made from wood, warped and twisted as it weathered, so it’s due for replacement in a much more stable material—metal. Dees even sees some of the more mundane parts of a house, such as stairs, as an opportunity for artistic flair.
If you were to visit Dees during the fall or winter, you wouldn’t see too much fabricating activity. His shop isn’t heated, so he usually spends this time in the comfort of his drawing studio, creating image after image so he’s ready when warm weather arrives. Then he springs into action, armed with an inventory of drawings. And despite the care and effort that go into the drawings, many revised numerous times, Dees allows that they are open to further revision in the shop.
“Some works I might build closely aligned to the drawn image,” he said. “On others the drawing is a starting point, a springboard for creating something that departs from the image.”