Easing the grind of cost reduction
Automotive supplier finds success with new disks for flash removal, deburring
In early 2005 SPX CONTECH decided to evaluate the abrasive disks used in its 22 workcells for aluminum grinding in its Auburn, Ind., facility. By the end of the year the new disks had increased the number of parts processed and exhibited improved life per disk.
The squeeze on companies in automotive supply chains to reduce their manufacturing costs is powerful. That means no stone is left unturned in search of cost savings.
SPX CONTECH® is one such automotive supplier. This producer of one-piece rack-and-pinion housings for Tier 1 companies is continuously looking for methods, processes, and products to reduce costs in an increasingly competitive marketplace. Even the smallest improvements can make big differences, especially considering the company's 110,000-square-foot Auburn, Ind., facility produces 4.5 million die-cast housings per year and ships more than 19 million pounds of aluminum annually.
In early 2005 SPX CONTECH decided to evaluate the abrasive disks used in its 22 die-casting cells. The abrasive disks are used to remove flash and deburr die-cast parts before they are shipped to customers.
By the end of that year, company officials had found that this small change led to improved productivity and cost savings because the disks lasted longer than the ones used previously.
Flash: Opportunity for Improvement
SPX CONTECH had been using quick-attach abrasive fiber disks for its flash removal and deburring processes. The disks, however, sometimes were cupping—no longer remaining flat—as a result of changes in moisture content. In some cases, the fiber disks would detach from the button.
The company approached 3M for help finding a disk that could tackle tough burrs without being too aggressive on the part finish, while also providing a surface finish that met customer specifications. It was important not to add production steps or increase costs with the answer.
More specifically, SPX CONTECH was looking for 3-inch abrasive disks for its flash removal and deburring processes that used right-angle die grinders to finish 2-foot by 3-in.-dia. aluminum die-cast parts. The disks had to hold up against the pressures associated with a high-volume manufacturing operation.
The company also wanted to see if the abrasive disks might eliminate excessive loading on the die-cast parts. Abrasive minerals that dull during grinding can cause premature loading because operators working with such less-than-optimal disks can apply excessive pressure while grinding. A mineral that retains its sharpness, theoretically, will cut faster and avoid the need to have operators apply excessive pressure.
An abrasive disk that would allow operators to work in difficult areas, such as corners, was another requirement. An abrasive with a backing that was flexible, yet stronger than a typical fiber or cloth backing, was a suitable choice.
Going With the Grain and a New Disk
SPX CONTECH historically used abrasives made with ceramic minerals. That led them to select 3M's Cubitron™ abrasive grain.
This abrasive grain is a proprietary ceramic aluminum oxide mineral that is designed to cut through metal quickly. As each abrasive grain fractures during usage, a fresh, sharp surface is exposed until the disk reaches the end of its useful life.
After evaluating several quick-release fiber disks through extensive testing, SPX CONTECH began using the 3M™ Roloc™ Disc 988R in November 2005. This quick-attach abrasive disk, which contains the Cubitron abrasive grain, is designed for weld removal, weld leveling, and deburring.
The disk contributed to a smoother run with better disk performance, according to Mike Schieber, the company's director of operations. The disks have a one-piece, nylon construction that is supposed to eliminate button delamination for better grinding balance and notably smoother running. The disks SPX CONTECH previously used produced some vibration because some of the buttons were slightly off-center.
"The button on the Roloc Disc 988R is precisely centered, providing better balance," said Pete Steinhagen, 3M Abrasive Systems Division marketing manager.
SPX CONTECH also found the abrasive disks to be more durable, even in corners.
"According to our records, we were able to use the same disk for up to three shifts when we were apreviously using several disks per shift, substantially improving operator productivity," Schieber said. "We're very happy that we are able to produce three times the number of parts per disk, while seeing better product quality."
In this case, easing the daily grind led to significant cost reductions.
The FABRICATOR is North America's leading magazine for the metal forming and fabricating industry. The magazine delivers the news, technical articles, and case histories that enable fabricators to do their jobs more efficiently. The FABRICATOR has served the industry since 1971.