William Q. Tingley III


Bend Tooling Inc.
1009 Ottawa Ave. N.W.
Grand Rapids, MI 49503

Bending | Articles

The wiper die’s role and rake

April 3, 2014 | By William Q. Tingley III

Properly setting up the tooling on a tube or pipe bender can be a straightforward process, but misunderstandings and shortcuts can lead to poor setups. The wiper die’s rake angle is one such setting. Operators should beware that setting the tool to a specific gap at its trailing edge can lead to inconsistent setups.

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standard tooling

Tube and Pipe Fabrication | Articles

Selecting the right mandrel and wiper

April 1, 2010 | By William Q. Tingley III

Tube bender operators could rely on complex mathematical formulas and rules of thumb, but it’s much quicker to use a tooling chart. This sort of chart lists the two main bending criteria, D of bend and wall factor, on the X and Y axis, respectively. However, these charts have just two axes, and usually are based on bending mild steel to 180 degrees. Tube bending comprises many more variables, materials, and bend angles. Knowing how to make adjustments to compensate for additional factors is critical for successful bending.

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Tube bending image

Tube and Pipe Fabrication | Articles

The right stuff

September 30, 2008 | By William Q. Tingley III

The best material for a tube bending tool is the most cost-effective in terms of the ratio of tool life to tool cost. A cost-effective tool tends to wear out rather than break at the end of its service life. This article addresses choosing the optimal material for a rotary die tube bending machine's full toolkit.

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Tube and Pipe Fabrication | Articles

Setup or cover-up?

March 11, 2008 | By William Q. Tingley III

Setting up the tooling for a tube or pipe bending machine isn't as simple as it seems. Many variables are involved, making this a difficult task. A further complication is the tendency for many operators to adjust various pressure settings to compensate for poor tooling setup. The bend might turn out okay, but at a cost—a loss of process control and shortened tool life. Using a simple four-step setup process is the key to good bending, process control, and optimal tool life. This setup procedure also facilitates troubleshooting.

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Tube and Pipe Fabrication | Articles

The wiper die's feathered edge

June 13, 2006 | By William Q. Tingley III

The mechanical aspects of rotary draw tube bending haven't changed since modern tooling was developed 50 years ago. Likewise, the role of the tooling (mandrel, pressure die, bend die, and wiper die) hasn't changed. However, tube fabricators these days have many choices in regard to the tooling, especially wiper dies. Choices include material, rake angle, and whether the wiper die's feathered edge is fully machined or honed by hand.

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