A type of steel in which carbon is the primary alloying element, with the level of carbon contained in a steel being one of the most important factors governing its mechanical properties. Carbon steels have no more than 1.65 percent manganese, 0.6 percent silicon, or 0.6 percent copper. Carbon steels are available with varying levels of formability. The more formable grades are typically more costly than the less formable grades. Also called mild steel.
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