Selected articles from March 2008 issue published on TheFabricator.com:
If you are a copper tube producer, you know you need to use nondestructive testing methods, but you might not be aware of all the possibilities in how they are used. First off, should you check the material before or after it is processed? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each testing point? Should you test it at both places? And second, can testing do more than help you prevent shipping poor-quality product?
Setting up the tooling for a tube or pipe bending machine isn't as simple as it seems. Many variables are involved, making this a difficult task. A further complication is the tendency for many operators to adjust various pressure settings to compensate for poor tooling setup. The bend might turn out okay, but at a cost—a loss of process control and shortened tool life. Using a simple four-step setup process is the key to good bending, process control, and optimal tool life. This setup procedure also facilitates troubleshooting.
Although it is used primarily for forming, hydroforming equipment also is useful in many pressure testing applications (burst testing, pressure pulsation, leak testing, autofrettage).
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