Technology Spotlight: Reading the laser cutting beam—there’s an app for that
Cutting head offers visual feedback
Precitec’s cutting head senses trouble in real time, and communicates via Bluetooth directly to an operator’s phone or tablet.
In critical cutting applications, you might see a technician peer carefully through the laser-safe window of a laser cutting machine. He’s looking for telltale signs of trouble in piercing and kerf creation. Today you also might find such a person take out a phone or tablet—and pull up an app.
Laser cutting is a subtle science, especially when cutting thick plate. It’s a balancing act between beam parameters, gas-flow dynamics, and the optics, all working together to make a clean kerf in a particular material grade and thickness.
If material conditions change ever so slightly, or if parameters aren’t set up quite right, the quality of the cut can suffer, particularly near the bottom of the cut edge. Rough striations and dross are signs that molten metal isn’t being evacuated as it should be.
Troubleshooting a bad cut isn’t easy, but modern cutting systems are attempting to make the task a bit easier. For instance, German manufacturer Precitec offers technologies that, through the use of sensors on the cutting head, help operators and technicians diagnose a cutting or piercing problem. Via Bluetooth®, they also can feed that data to a phone or tablet, which helps an operator read and interpret the data.
The technology comes with the company’s ProCutter line. The cutting head is available separately, of course, but it’s now also being sold as part of the company’s All-in-Light package, which includes the beam source (a Precitec disk laser licensed from TRUMPF) and the delivery fiber, along with the cutting head.
The cutting head has four different LEDs that show the status of four key process areas: focal position, temperatures, pressures, and the protective window or cover slide. Within each area are multiple subcategories of measurement. If one of the lights on the cutting head changes, something’s amiss.
“For instance, consider temperature,” said Brian Smith, sales and service engineer at Precitec’s Wixom, Mich., office. “You have four different sensors located throughout the head, and all of these help you actively troubleshoot. One sensor measures the temperature of the lens, one measures the temperature of the cover slide, another measures the temperature of the cutting head body, and yet another measures temperature of the collimating optics.”
Say an operator swaps a cover slide but fails to lock it in place. As Smith described, “If your cover slide cartridge is not fully closed or connected, [the system] will send you an indication, you’ll see an error page [on your phone or tablet app], and you’ll see that the protective cover cartridge is not installed correctly.”
Feedback in modern laser cutting has become more critical simply because of the range of thicknesses being cut, even by solid-state lasers. On Precitec’s head, for instance, optics allow operators to switch between beam parameters that best suit thin or thick plate. (The company calls this function EdgeTec.) And with what the company calls PierceTec, sensors in the cutting heads actively measure feedback signals during the pierce to adjust pierce settings on-the-fly.
So now when an operator peers into the laser work envelope and monitors the beam, he’s not just looking for subtle visual cues. He sees an LED change color on the cutting head, picks up his tablet, swipes to the appropriate screen, and starts to troubleshoot. Most important, the problem is caught immediately, not after cutting or when parts reach the next operation.
The FABRICATOR is North America's leading magazine for the metal forming and fabricating industry. The magazine delivers the news, technical articles, and case histories that enable fabricators to do their jobs more efficiently. The FABRICATOR has served the industry since 1971.