July 7, 2016
Formability is the ability of a sheet material to deform without failure or fracture. Information on formability helps process and tool design engineers predict failure during analysis of sheet metal forming processes for tool design. Formability information also is used to evaluate...
June 17, 2016
The researchers at The Ohio State University's Center for Precision forming perform research on controlling material flow in drawing operation using CNC hydraulic cushions to help improve drawability.
March 9, 2016
Editor’s Note: Part I of this article appeared in the January/February 2016 issue.
January 7, 2016
The Ohio State University's Center for Precision Forming provides an overview of design considerations and materials used in lightweighting in the automotive industry in the first part of a two-part series.
November 30, 2015
Finite element (FE)-based computer software commonly is used in the sheet metal forming and stamping industry for die design and for predicting metal flow and thinning in the formed part. It is a useful tool for predicting and preventing forming defects such as fracture and wrinkling. However,...
October 8, 2015
In the sheet metal forming industry, finite element (FE) simulation is an important tool for fabricators predicting metal flow, optimizing geometry, and selecting process variables before developing new dies. The accuracy of the simulation results depends highly on the accuracy of the input...
July 1, 2015
Elevated-temperature (ET) forming of aluminum can be accomplished isothermally or nonisothermally. In isothermal warm forming, the die, blank holder, and punch are heated. In nonisothermal deep drawing, the die and blank holder are heated, and the punch may or may not be cooled. The die and punch...
June 11, 2015
To reduce vehicle weight, automotive manufacturers are using advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) and aluminum alloys, formed at room temperature, as well as hot stamping of boron steels. A few OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers also have started warm forming aluminum alloys, usually 5000 and 6000 series,...
March 10, 2015
Advanced high-strength steel (AHSS) materials are multiphase steels that contain martensite, bainite, and/or retained austenite. The use of AHSS materials in the automotive industry is increasing every day, because these steels provide strength and satisfy functional requirements at reduced weight....
February 5, 2015
Lubrication plays an important role in stamping, as it reduces friction at the tool-workpiece interface. Reducing that friction also reduces die and tool wear in large-volume production, which in turn increases tool life. It also allows smoother flow of the sheet material into the die cavity and...
June 28, 2013
While stampers struggle with traditional forming of aluminum alloys, particularly in the automotive industry, they should know that research is currently underway to make this tough job easier. Warm forming of certain aluminum alloys is a real possibility when it comes to stamping parts from these difficult-to-work-with materials.
March 10, 2011
CPF has conducted experiments using finite element simulation of the hot stamping process. The process can help manufacturers predict such final part properties as thickness, temperature, and hardness distribution.
April 15, 2008
Forming of galvanized AHSS involves higher contact pressures at the tool-workpiece interface compared to forming mild steel. Under these severe interface conditions, improper selection of lubricants, tool materials and tool coatings may result in high scrap rates and galling in stamping production.. Based on SDT results, polymer-based lubricant with EP additives and water-soluble DFL were found to be most effective, Synthetic lubricants showed also reasonably small frictional responses with a PVD coated die in forming GA coated strips.
December 11, 2007
Editor's Note: This article is part of a three-part series. Part I categorizes defect types and discusses the factors that affect formed part quality; Part II covers various destructive and nondestructive tests for evaluating incoming material; and Part III is an introduction to process monitoring systems.